Dental Problems: Yorkies are prone to dental issues, including tooth decay, gum disease, and tartar buildup. Regular dental care is essential for their overall well-being. Brushing their teeth regularly with a dog-friendly toothpaste and providing dental chews or toys can help maintain their oral health. Regular professional dental cleanings by a veterinarian are also recommended.
Patellar Luxation: Patellar luxation, or "trick knee," is a common orthopedic condition in Yorkshire Terriers. It occurs when the kneecap dislocates from its normal position. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding excessive jumping or rough play can help prevent this condition. If you notice any limping or difficulty in movement, consult your veterinarian for appropriate treatment.
Eye Problems: Yorkies are susceptible to various eye conditions, such as cataracts, dry eye, and progressive retinal atrophy. Regular eye examinations by a veterinarian are crucial to detect and address these issues early on. Keeping their eye area clean and free from irritants, and avoiding exposure to harsh chemicals or excessive sunlight, can also contribute to maintaining their eye health.
Tracheal Collapse: Tracheal collapse is a respiratory condition common in small dog breeds, including Yorkshire Terriers. It occurs when the trachea weakens and narrows, leading to coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing. Preventive measures include using a harness instead of a collar to avoid pressure on the neck, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding exposure to respiratory irritants, such as smoke or strong fumes.
Hypoglycemia: Yorkies are susceptible to low blood sugar levels, especially as puppies. Feeding them a balanced diet at regular intervals is crucial in preventing hypoglycemia. Be mindful of their energy levels, appetite, and any signs of weakness or shivering, which could indicate low blood sugar. Providing small, frequent meals and always having a source of sugar, like honey, on hand can help stabilize their blood sugar levels in case of an emergency.
Allergies: Yorkshire Terriers can develop allergies, commonly to food or environmental factors. It's important to identify and address the allergens causing the reactions. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best course of action, which may include dietary changes or avoiding certain environmental triggers.